Florida Bill Would Give College Financial Aid to DACA Kids and Refugees

Orlando State Rep. Carlos G. Smith
Orlando State Rep. Carlos G. Smith Florida House of Representatives
Not every child who grows up in Florida can access all the state's college financial-aid packages. If you're born in the United States, you may qualify for dozens of grants including the state's Bright Futures program. But if you're brought here as an undocumented child, you can't access most of those programs. The same goes for children who come here as refugees.

But yesterday, two Democratic Florida state representatives — Orlando Rep. Carlos Guillermo Smith and Tampa Rep. Fentrice Driskell — filed a bill that would, if enacted, extend financial-aid packages to refugees and so-called "Dreamers," AKA kids brought to the United States as undocumented minors and protected from deportation through the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.

Florida contains America's fourth-highest DACA population (27,000 kids) and the country's third-largest percentage of refugees living legally under Temporary Protected Status (TPS) classification (45,000 people). The state already offers in-state college tuition to DACA kids who graduate from its public schools. But Smith says the state should give immigrant kids the same opportunities as native-born students. He estimated yesterday that only 18 percent of DACA recipients in Florida attend college.

"“Florida did the right thing in 2014 by extending in-state tuition to thousands of DACA students who were brought to the U.S. as children and who graduated from Florida public schools," he said in a media release. "Those Dreamers deserve the same opportunities as other students to earn state-based financial aid to reach their educational and career potential. It’s in our state's best interest to help these students succeed — not create obstacles to their academic achievement.”

(Florida Politics first reported on the bill's filing yesterday.)

The Florida Immigrant Coalition, which pushed Smith and Driskoll to file the bill, said yesterday that many immigrant kids and DACA recipients can't afford college tuition even with in-state prices. "All students in Florida should be able to afford higher education regardless of their financial status," the group announced. "Our society benefits when we educate and train our newest generations to be the best that they can be, but immigrant families often cannot afford to pay the expensive cost of higher education."

The bill would give immigrant kids access to a wide range of state-based financial-aid packages, including the Bright Futures program for higher-achieving public-school graduates and a host of need-based scholarships, including the Florida Farmworker Student Scholarship, the First-Generation Matching Grant program (for kids whose parents did not attend college), and the need-based Florida Student Assistance Grant program. While Florida does offer in-state tuition to undocumented kids, lawmakers have previously shot down similar attempts to expand financial-aid eligibility. The idea is not insane: As of last year, California, Hawaii, Minnesota, New Mexico, Texas, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Washington offered financial-aid packages to undocumented children.

The bill's text is fairly simple: If it passes, the state would be forced to offer the same aid packages to students living in the United States as part of the TPS or DACA programs.

"Dreamers are as much a part of our community as anyone else," Driskoll said yesterday. "These students attend our public schools, work hard, and want to pursue a higher education as part of their path to building a life, supporting their families, and contributing to the communities in which they live. However, because they are currently ineligible to receive state financial aid, many cannot afford to attend college."
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Jerry Iannelli is a former staff writer for Miami New Times from 2015 to March 2020. He graduated with honors from Temple University. He then earned a master's degree in journalism from Columbia University.