Burton isn't interested in intergalactic amity; he's not even interested in preserving the Earth. He's like a precocious nut-brained kid pumped with Fifties sci-fi pulp. But he doesn't take his pulp straight. He turns the tacky stalwart grandeur of such films as The Day the Earth Stood Still and Earth vs. the Flying Saucers inside out. Part homage and part demolition job, Mars Attacks! is perhaps the funniest piece of giddy, schlocky heartlessness ever committed to film.
Pure id runs riot: Movie stars get incinerated right along with the extras; Sarah Jessica Parker's head gets transplanted onto a chihuahua's body; Martians morph into robotic Playboy babes with beehive 'dos and torpedo tits. Everything about Mars Attacks! is flagrantly lewd yet presexual -- a preadolescent's fever dream. The real sex in this movie is in the wacko mayhem and the gorgeousness of the grotesquery. It's a nonstop kitsch spritz.
Burton's fecund imagination is so free-ranging it's eerie. Along with screenwriter Jonathan Gems, he draws not only on Fifties sci-fi but on images from Cocteau, Dr. Strangelove, The Bride of Frankenstein, and pulp comic books and trading cards -- including, of course, the 1962 Topps Mars Attacks! series, which was withdrawn from the market for being too lurid. He also riffs on the Seventies cycle of disaster epics such as The Towering Inferno and Earthquake.
The implicit joke behind those straight-faced disaster films was that destruction was a turn-on; in Earthquake audiences grooved to L.A.'s collapse -- it was biblical-style retribution for Sin City. In Mars Attacks! Burton brings the joke out into the open; he doesn't disguise his glee in blowing things up, and his main targets -- Washington, D.C., and Las Vegas -- are eminently blow-up-able. They're America's yin and yang: The White House and the MGM Grand are the twin tepees of our national imagination.
Everybody gets it in Mars Attacks! (Everybody deserves to get it.) We first see a herd of cattle on fire stampeding through the Kansas heartland; it's a tipoff the Martians have arrived. A credit sequence follows in which their saucers wheel through space like giant hubcaps while on the soundtrack the woozy sound of a theremin gives us cold creeps. Then we switch from the heartland to the Pentagon -- commonly a reassuring trajectory in Fifties sci-fi.
But the Washington honchos here are far from reassuring: Pres. James Dale is played by eyebrow-flexing Jack Nicholson, who also plays the sequined Vegas real estate hustler Art Land -- hustlers high and low. General Decker (Rod Steiger) is a bald-pated horror whose game plan for the impending Martian touchdown is simple: "Kill! Kill! Kill!" His opposite number, Paul Winfield's General Casey, sees the Martian arrival in the Arizona desert as a peaceful overture; he greets them with the intergalactic sign of the doughnut. The interminably pipe-puffing government scientist Donald Kessler (Pierce Brosnan) is so preternaturally calm he's practically an alien too. He's all intellect -- all head -- so when the Martians actually reduce him to a floating cranium, he's essentially the same guy. If, postdecapitation, he seems vaguely denuded, it's not because he's bodiless but because he's pipeless.
Depending on whether they swing to the right or to the left, sci-fi movies usually thump for either Pentagon power or we-the-people gumption. But Tim Burton is an equal-opportunity scourge. It's as if he read all those high-toned tracts on the "meaning" of Fifties sci-fi flicks -- how they were a metaphor for the Cold War and nuclear holocaust -- and decided to diddle the theories every which way. You can't call Mars Attacks! reactionary sci-fi. True, the heartland masses, led by trailer-park patriarch Joe Don Baker, are mostly stunted yokels -- but then so are Washington's top brass. The Pentagon building is just a goofball phallic symbol; the Martians snip it and tip it. Mars Attacks! is prepolitical in the same way it's presexual; it uses its emblems of force in demonic kiddie-cartoon-style.
When Stanley Kubrick and Terry Southern lampooned the military in Dr. Strangelove, they did it with an overlay of jokey sophistication -- it was supposed to be black comedy for "knowing" adults. Burton's visual fantasias -- the way, for example, he turns Vegas into a fan dance of irradiated reds and blues and greens -- are certainly sophisticated. But his sensibility isn't -- at least not in the usual ways. He's making fun of Fifties schlock sci-fi but he's also deeply drawn to it; this is why he could make a movie such as Ed Wood, which enshrines schlock. (Ed Wood, of course, ends with Wood riding high and leaves off his life's sordid denouement into porno and alcoholism.) Success in the movie business hasn't made Burton "knowing." He's goofing on Fifties schlock but he's not "commenting" on it: To do that would be to disown the love he feels for it.