The canned-Latin pop that began to fill the air between live sets was only a symptom of what went awry. Even when the revamped lineup of the house band Grupo Nostalgia played souped-up son hotter and looser than it ever had in Little Havana, something essential seemed to waft away, like the cigarette smoke rising above the expanded dance floor to the high, sparkling ceilings. When tropical troubadour David Torrens skittered across the stage for four performances last month, the essence of Nostalgia settled right back in. By the time fellow crooner and recent Miami-transplant Pancho Cespedes joined Torrens for a rousing a cappella duet of the classic trova song Longina, just what had been missing at 432 Arthur Godfrey Rd. became perfectly clear.
Over the past decade, Torrens and Cespedes got into the habit of closing each other's shows with the stunning harmonies of Longina -- accompanied by a third displaced Cuban neotroubadour, Amaury Gutierrez -- in their temporary home, Mexico City. In that eclectic megalopolis, the trio found what Miami so sadly lacks: an experimental live music scene that thrives in tiny underground clubs, called antros.
Like Horta himself, and many of the Café regulars, the three troubadours left Cuba during the exodus of artists unleashed by the post-Soviet political repression and economic austerity of the early Nineties. Now in their thirties and forties, the nostalgia of that so-called lost generation does not hark back directly to the opulent decadence of prerevolutionary Havana, updated with such aplomb at the new Café Nostalgia.
Rather, that generation recalls a time when jazz, rock and roll, and even booze were banned. More accustomed to speakeasy than spectacle, the postrevolutionary artistic fringe yearns for a decadence of furtive, forbidden pleasures. The shaky sound that synched with the grainy videos projected onto the walls whenever the band took a break at the Little Havana Café seemed the perfect soundtrack for such scurrilous memories -- and the broken-down elegance of Calle Ocho the perfect setting.
The lure of the forbidden drew Pancho Cespedes to the genre of the trova (heartfelt ballads falling somewhere between Nat King Cole and Bob Dylan) at the tender age of thirteen. A physically precocious lad, Cespedes struck the fancy of an older woman, who took him to the Club Scheherazade, where the proponents of a movement called filin' -- feeling -- such as Elena Burke sang. They were the first ones to make the words more important than the music, explains Cespedes.
I practically didn't even kiss that woman, he reminisces, but when I heard that music, I knew that was what I wanted to do for the rest of my life. To be in this bohemian atmosphere. To conjure in song the painful memories with which I could ease my soul.
Cespedes fell in love with the heartbreak of the classic trova of the Forties and Fifties, that itself updated the tragic posturing of courtly lovers who were the original troubadours in Europe centuries ago.
The trova in Cuba took a very different turn after the revolution, with the most renowned proponents in Cuba, Silvio Rodriguez and Pablo Milanes, testifying not only to the pain of the lovelorn, but to the wretched of the Earth. As the promises of the revolution fell flat, however, the trova exhausted much of its militant energy. Political things never come to me, says Cespedes, expressing the sentiment of the generations raised on revolution-by-rote. They just never come to me.
The budding singer-songwriter took his vocal models from the trova, but his instrumental inspiration came from jazz. That's the music I always listened to, he recalls. In 1984 a friend named Roberto Toirac used to have jazz sessions on Saturdays and Sundays. That's where I met the people from [Grammy-winning Cuban jazz ensemble] Irakere, where I met [trumpeter] Arturo Sandoval. I went to that house to be a part of it. Because that man with the beard, he strokes his chin contemptuously, would not let us hear jazz otherwise. That was the music of bohemia, the music of specters.
To illustrate Cespedes pretends to play a stand-up bass, mimicking the thud of the bass strings then singing, With this music, you ease for a little while the up-all-night heart/And then the song wings out through my mouth from my soul.
Like all of the tracks on Cespedes's most recent release, Dónde Está La Vida, Asi Es Mi Musica (My Music Is Like This) marries jazz instrumentals with traditional trova vocal styling, often setting up a dialogue between piano and voice, punctuated sparingly by the snare drum and bass. Unlike African-American song traditions, which convey emotion in go-for-broke bent notes influenced by the rapture of the spiritual, the troubadour shows feeling with restraint. What I'm proposing is to arrive at the center of the listener says Cespedes, simply with a broken spirit that you can hear in a broken voice.