One week before his ouster, Panama strongman Manuel Noriega was preparing to crack down on his opponents and rally his troops, according to Prudence Bushnell, at the time U.S. Ambassador to Panama.
Bushnell's analysis is among the first set of U.S. Embassy documents released by Wikileaks
on Nov. 28, detailing her version of Noriega's last days in power.
Bushnell intimated Panamanians would welcome U.S. intervention.
On December 13, 1989, Bushnell painted a grim picture for Uncle
Sam's interests in the Central American nation. It was a telegram to
her boss -- then-State Department Secretary George P. Schultz -- seven
days before U.S. armed forces invaded Panama.
"The Panama crisis continues to grind on with no clear end in sight,"
Bushnell relayed. "Noriega tenaciously holds on to power, intimidating
his opponents and firing up his supporters with slogans calling for
retribution against 'Panamanian traitors and their U.S. masters,' should
anything happen to him."
We Believe Local Journalism is Critical to the Life of a City
Engaging with our readers is essential to Miami New Times's mission. Make a financial contribution or sign up for a newsletter, and help us keep telling Miami's stories with no paywalls.
Support Our Journalism
"Nevertheless, recent press reports of an alleged U.S. covert action plan against Noriega have once again raised the hopes of some Panamanians that this may be the beginning of his end," Bushnell noted.
"Noriega himself is apparently attaching some credibility to the press reports. He has reacted nervously by stepping up the harassment of the opposition and increasing the size, training, activity, and armament of his 'dignity battalions.' The opposition leadership is concerned over the new 'eye-for-an-eye' para-military campaign."
The ambassador concluded that the only way Noriega would lose power was through a successful coup. "Given the broad political realities in this country, the only hope for a first step in crisis resolution is another coup," Bushnell surmised. "Waiting for that to happen is the main political prospect for Panama in 1990."
As history shows, the U.S. couldn't wait. American armed forces bum-rushed Noriega on December 20, 1989.