According to the philosophy of liberal nations, war is defensible only as a last, pragmatic resort, after all political means have been exhausted. Of course that's not why the world fought two wars within the first three decades of the Twentieth Century. With tens of millions slaughtered, plus the legacies of Auschwitz and Hiroshima, few can really support the idea of Western civilization being the paradigm of human development that eighteenth-century Enlightenment tried to make it. How did we manage to defend the indefensible? Maybe because in the Twentieth Century we perfected a particular form: propaganda, the art of manipulating information to further one's cause at the expense of another.... More >>>