James Brown Killed Dumb Biopics: Why the Messy Get On Up Gets It Right
James Brown stripped pop to its rhythmic essentials: the groove and the grunt, the bridge, and the scream. Tate Taylor's Get On Up likewise reduces James Brown -- and the biopic form -- to all that matters most. Here are the highs of the man's life, both artistic and recreational. More importantly, here's his presence. Taylor invites us to thrill to Chadwick Boseman's Brown onstage, to cringe at him off it, to laugh with and at him, to hate and admire him, and to kind of feel as if we have some idea of where he's coming from. But the movie -- written by Jez Butterworth and John-Henry Butterworth -- never lies to us that we can fully understand him.
That's a breakthrough for commercial filmmaking. It's hard to psychoanalyze a folk hero, but studio-picture screenwriting demands that films about great lives usually try. That means Walk the Line must suggest that a childhood tragedy is the root cause of all those years when Johnny Cash was hopped up on pills and tearing new assholes for everyone who loved him. That's the wrong kind of reduction, cutting the powerful chord of selfness to just a single, clanging note.
See also: Stephanie Zacharek's Get On Up review
Get On Up digs into Brown's own hardscrabble upbringing, a broke-ass boyhood of petty crime and long-gone parents, all caught up in the sweaty exaltation of cathouse and church house both. But the movie presents each hardscrabble detail as just another messy chunk of Brown's mad totality. That moment he stole shoes off a hanged man doesn't explain James Brown, just as his endorsement of Nixon a quarter century later could. The filmmakers get that Brown the man was like the funk he forged. He beat "Cold Sweat" from everything that came before it, from everything that surged inside and around him, not any one thing, in particular.
One of the film's best moments is a rehearsal between Brown and his first great band, the Clyde Stubblefield/Maceo Parker/Pee Wee Ellis group. Brown is raging at Parker, a sax-man trained in music theory, because Parker has dared to suggest that one of Brown's instructions is, technically speaking, not "musical." Brown responds like the worst/best teacher you've ever had: vain and pedantic and infuriatingly right, pointing out that in his band, keys and time signatures and notions of musicality are all subordinate to feel and sound.
Further, in his band, he insists, every instrument is a drum. The movie's like that, too: There's no "Rosebud" because every moment is a Rosebud. Every moment of James Brown's life was the most important moment of James Brown's life because -- and this is very important -- he was James goddamn Brown.
Get On Up is itself a mess, its tone confused and its drama negligible. A scene of apparent sketch comedy will fall into a scene of dramatic spousal abuse, which will cut into a blistering (lip-synched) live performance. But, seriously, isn't that something the way time with James Brown might have actually been like? Occasionally he narrates his own movie, in-scene, and the effect isn't distracting the way it was in the film of Jersey Boys. Watch the real James Brown turkey-cock about in the great documentary Soul Power: Dude was always narrating himself, often in third person, often hilariously.
Here are other key ways that Get On Up smashes the template of dreary prestige biopics like Ray. (I'd be remiss if I didn't suggest here that it's probably Walk Hard that first killed movies like Ray. Even if you didn't laugh at Jake Kasdan's bang-on parody, you might at least appreciate that in its wake, filmmakers have been avoiding the clichés it speared.)
This James Brown Is Liberated From Cornpone Biopic Lesson-Learning
James Brown was a force, a pioneer, a genius, a villain, a cartoon, an institution in his own time. He certainly wasn't given to crises of conscience. He doesn't grow or change the way movie heroes usually must; he just ages. So, of course the standard three-act structure doesn't fit. Instead of a Walk the Line-style price-of-fame breakdown, and then a come-to-Jesus repentance, Get On Up builds to a PCP-fueled car chase, a stint in the slammer, and then the man himself, well older than 60, staring into a mirror and saying his own name as if he still can't get over how great it is to be him. In the final moments, he does perform an act of kindness for old friend Bobby Byrd, but it's a performance -- Brown singing, onstage, the only place he was guaranteed to be what everyone wanted him to.
Get On Up Doesn't Dwell On the Miserable
Guess what? Being married to Johnny Cash or James Brown would be terrible. Get On Up makes this abundantly clear in just a few smart, sharp scenes. Then it gives us extended concert scenes, that famous near-riot in Boston the night after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., and a hilarious lesson on how Brown broke out of the music industry's longstanding promotion racket. Meanwhile, over in Walk the Line, Joaquin Phoenix's Johnny Cash suffers and yowls in scene after miserable scene -- wouldn't it be more satisfying to emphasize the times when Cash was awesome?
Get On Up Doesn't Bother With Much Exposition
"The '60s are an important and exciting time," Jenna Fischer's June Carter stand-in observed in Walk Hard, a perfect attack on the here's-what-year-it-is dialogue in most of these life-spanning flicks. There's none of that here. The decade -- and Brown -- moved so fast that scenes set in1966 must feel wholly distinct from those of '68. The movie trusts you to get this by hair and beats.
Get On Up Digs Into Great Moments Even at the Expense of Familiar Ones
The film's longest single sequence is a recreation of a 1971 concert in Paris. The epochal 1963 Live at the Apollo gets just a couple minutes. The '71 show -- made commercially available in the '90s on the impossibly great Love, Power, Peace album -- is short on famous hits but long on the hottest funk ever laid down by his hottest band, the Bootsy and Phelps "Catfish" Collins-era JBs. You'll sweat just watching it. "I Feel Good," meanwhile, is represented only as something of a pop sellout.
Here's the whole album posted to YouTube. Caution: Play it at the gym, and you'll have a heart attack.
Get On Up Bothers to Make Critical Arguments About Brown and His Legacy
Ray and Walk Hard were both movies about good men who go bad and then remember that they're good right around the time they become national treasures. Get On Up has no arc, but it does have points to make. Early on, an elderly Brown points out to the camera that every record we hear in the present bears Brown's influence. That's no boast; it's stone truth, and it's the reason Brown stands as the single most influential musician of the twentieth century -- a case the movie shies away from in its end titles. Other theses are aired with some power: The white man at the head of King Records has to be told several times that "Please Please Please" -- Brown's first record -- is "not about the song." He finally listens closely as Brown shouts the simple lyric over the Famous Flames's vamp, and suddenly understands the primacy of groove, a lesson the whole world would learn over the next five decades. (That said, I wish the movie did a little more with Brown's ferocious self-reliance rap, best laid out in the song title "I Don't Want Nobody to Get Me Nothing (Open the Door and I'll Get it Myself.")
Get On Up Dares to Break With Bland Movie Realism
This is the most structurally inventive studio film since that last Wachowski siblings thing. Taylor and company arrange a playlist of moments from Brown's life rather than a strictly linear narrative. Better still, they dare to mash moments up into each other, especially when there's music playing: A very young Brown, forced to box blindfolded for tuxedoed white swells, watches a Dixieland band play as he lies sprawled and bloody on the canvas. Time slows, and the old-timey music somehow matches up to something inside him -- suddenly, the black musicians on this '30s plantation are ripping into the future-funk of "Super Bad." Young Brown leaps up and kicks some ass, as if funk were to him what spinach is to Popeye. There is stranger and more daring stuff in the final reels, moments that set off some giggles in the preview audience I saw this with. To them I'll just say: The movie's about what moments with James Brown might have felt like, for those around him or the man himself. They're no sillier than anything in The Buddy Holly Story -- but they probably cut closer the man's actual presence.
Again, the movie's a mess. So is any human life, especially a globe-straddling musician's. I can't wait to see it -- and sort through it -- again.
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