The winds that sweep across the Sahara kick up ferocious sandstorms. Dunes change shape by the hour, flying particles blind the eye, and all reason and sense of direction can be lost. In such disorienting surroundings, reality and hallucination converge; the most inexplicable, unimaginable events can occur.
Passion in the Desert relates one such incident. Based on a controversial novella by nineteenth-century French writer Honore de Balzac, the film marks the feature debut of writer/director/producer Lavinia Currier, who spent seven years in bringing the story to the screen. Unlike the mindless, special effects-laden movies that crowd the summer release schedule, this small, hypnotic film connects on an emotional and spiritual level.
The year is 1798. Army captain Augustin Robert (British actor Ben Daniels) has been assigned to escort the renowned artist Venture (French actor Michel Piccoli) across the desert. Venture is accompanying Napoleon's army on its march across Egypt, sketching the monuments, people, and landscapes of North Africa. After an attack by desert warriors, Robert and his charge are separated from the rest of the regiment. Thrown off course by a sandstorm and desperate for water, they face almost certain death.
Robert sets off alone in search of help, but the endless sand, punishing heat, and numbing silence drive him to the brink of madness. Chased by Bedouins, he seeks refuge in a cave; exhausted, he falls asleep. He awakens to find himself staring into the unblinking eyes of a leopard.
Instead of attacking Robert, the animal seems to accept his presence, sleeping beside him and even sharing her food. He names her Simoom, the Bedouins' word for the Sahara's hot, poisonous wind. As the days and nights pass and he is drawn ever deeper into his new environment, Robert becomes as much a part of nature as Simoom. But that balance is threatened when another leopard appears at the cave.
Balzac's story raised eyebrows when it was published because of the implicit suggestion that Robert falls in love with the cat. But it is precisely this development that gives the story its emotional edge and spiritual power. The scenes between Daniels and the leopard are extraordinary, especially when you realize that no special effects or computer-generated imagery was used when man and beast share the frame.
The film is audacious on many levels, beginning with the story line. And while the movie's trailer may suggest a pretentious Calvin Klein ad campaign, the film is never less than mesmerizing. Currier and her gifted Russian-born cinematographer Alexei Rodionov (who shot Sally Potter's 1993 Orlando) have found a way to involve all the senses, making the picture an unusually tactile and aural experience. Currier is comfortable with silence, and the natural sounds of the desert -- Simoom lapping water from a pond, the soft rustle of grass, the wind whistling through the rocks -- are frequently the only things heard. The evocative score by Jose Nieto and Hamza El Din is never intrusive.
Visually, the film is stunning. The first half -- with the army fighting the desert warriors, and Robert and Venture wandering in circles -- is awash in color and has a wonderful feeling of immediacy. The second half, concentrating on Robert and Simoom, has a dreamlike quality, although the images are always crisp and clear. A constant but low-key implication of movement produces a lulling rhythm, which draws the viewer deeper into the story. The film was partially shot in Jordan, where much of David Lean's Lawrence of Arabia (1962) was filmed; with two exceptions, Rodionov avoids the long-lens photography traditionally used to evoke the isolation and beauty of the desert.
Given the danger posed by leopards (they are considered the most unpredictable of the big cats), the film had to be shot in an almost documentary fashion. Scenes could never be restaged for a second take, and an animal trainer stood just outside camera range, ready to step in if the leopard turned on the actor or cameraman. Daniels is remarkable. Unknown to American audiences, he faced an extraordinarily difficult task in making his character believable. With very little dialogue and much subtle emotion to convey, he could have easily slipped into overacting. He never does.
There's no question that Passion in the Desert is an art-house film and certainly not to everyone's taste. But giant lizards on the rampage and meteorites hurtling toward Earth can offer only so much. Viewers who like to invest more than just time and popcorn in a movie will be greatly affected by this striking film.
Passion in the Desert.
Directed and written by Lavinia Currier. Adapted from the novella by Honore de Balzac. Starring Ben Daniels and Michel Piccoli.
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