By Ciara LaVelle
By Jose D. Duran
By Kat Bein
By Juan Barquin
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By George Martinez
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Haitian-American artist Edouard Duval-Carrié has a message for Maximo Caminero, the local painter who deliberately shattered a million-dollar Chinese vase last month to protest the new Pérez Art Museum Miami's "lack of support for South Florida talent."
Paris, where Duval-Carrié once lived and worked, is a much tougher town.
"If Caminero thinks it's tough making it in the art scene here, he would have probably thought of blowing up Paris," Duval-Carrié cracks. "To get your work shown at the Louvre, you have to be dead ten times over."
1103 Biscayne Blvd.
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Indeed, Duval-Carrié, who resides in Miami, is living proof that Caminero was wrong. His new show, "Imagined Landscapes," opens at PAMM this Thursday and runs through August. It features a beguiling series of mural-size paintings and chandeliers that evoke a grand ballroom of a baroque mansion. Executed in black and silver glitter and complemented by subtle splashes of sultry, Caribbean-inspired hues, his work depicts lush landscapes that convey a mysterious tropical Eden.
The 59-year-old Duval-Carrié was born in a Port-au-Prince dominated by political strongman François "Papa Doc" Duvalier. As a young boy, he began taking classes at the city's Centre d'Art before his family relocated to Puerto Rico when he was 9. "My family moved there to flee the political oppression of the Duvalier dictatorship, and that's where I learned to speak Spanish," the artist says while relaxing in an ornate, red-and-gold-gilded chair at his capacious Little Haiti studio.
After graduating, he joined an older brother, Robert, who was living in Montreal. There, Duval-Carrié studied at the University of Loyola. Around that time, Robert returned to Haiti to help run the family business. He was arrested there and spent a year and a half in jail until the Carter administration helped negotiate his release. "I can't tell you what they detained him for," the artist says. "Back then, the government would arrest anyone on trumped-up charges. The way I dealt with what was happening at home was to include the insanity in my paintings."
In 1979, Duval-Carrié created an iconic painting in which he depicted Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, the dictator's son and also a murderous leader, in a wedding dress. Then he included Baby Doc, along with an army general and other symbols of the repressive regime, in a torture chamber.
As his career progressed, Duval-Carrié established himself as an artist of international reach. Soon he was invited to attend the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris during the bicentennial of the French Revolution.
"I studied there from 1988 to 1989 and was that guy from Haiti they came looking for when they did an exhibit on the Caribbean," he recalls.
Afterward, he stayed in Paris for a few lean years. It was difficult to break into the mainstream art scene, so in 1992 he moved to Miami with his wife and two infant sons to raise a family and be closer to Haiti. "We thought it would be a safer place for our boys and bought the first house we saw on Miami Beach. "I've lived there ever since, and the local art community has always embraced me."
Gutierrez Fine Arts on Key Biscayne (and later in Miami Beach) soon picked up Duval-Carrié's work. After Gutierrez closed, the Bernice Steinbaum Gallery in Wynwood represented him for nearly a decade. "When Bernice moved to Miami from New York, she showed up at my studio with a huge box filled with about 200 brownies and immediately became my dealer," the artist says. "She was very good to me always." These days, Duval-Carrié is represented by Pan American Art Projects in Wynwood.
Through the years, Duval-Carrié has had several local museum shows, including early exhibits at the Center for the Fine Arts before it became the Miami Art Museum. During the past few years, he has curated numerous editions of the "Global Caribbean" exhibits at Miami's Little Haiti Cultural Center, which is adjacent to his studio. The project has involved extensive travel and research throughout the region.
The artist made a career out of employing traditional Haitian iconography to address the historical and contemporary tribulations suffered by his homeland. But his new show at PAMM, which he worked on for a year, marks a departure from his Haitian-centric works of the past to reflect more of a pan-Caribbean worldview of the historic problems confronting the region.
"The Southern United States, all the island nations, and other countries in the hemisphere are linked by the same history," he says. "It includes everything from colonial plantation economies to genocide of the indigenous populations to slavery, revolutions, failed states, and dictatorships. And they have each and every one been exoticized as tropical Edens by colonial profiteers. That even goes on today to fuel the tourism industry."