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After completing five months of principal photography on The Avengers, Joss Whedon flew back to Los Angeles and threw himself a welcome-home party. As the guests circled his pool, he asked friends such as Firefly's Nathan Fillion, Angel's Amy Acker, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer's Alexis Denisof if they were busy the following week. "I was stalking everybody," Whedon says. "Nobody knew why."
Whedon wasn't busy — he was contractually forced to take a break before launching headlong into seven more months of Avengers postproduction. But instead of taking his wife on a 20th-anniversary vacation, he decided to spend his 12 days off shooting this year's summer film: a microbudget, modernized, black-and-white version of Much Ado About Nothing, filmed in his own Malibu backyard (and kitchen and living room).
"Marvel comics are so influenced by Shakespeare," Whedon protests on a recent morning in a courtyard outside his second home, his office in Santa Monica. His arguments: Both Marvel and the Bard cranked out stories about heroes, betrayals, and passionate, implausible romances. And Whedon's job as the director is the same for both films. Bringing the Incredible Hulk to life is just like resurrecting Hamlet: Fans already know the character — they want to see a personal twist. "That's the fun of taking a sacred text — do I have anything to offer? I'm here trying to figure out why Ursula is in this scene the same way I'm trying to figure out why Hawkeye is in this fight — you want everybody to shine," Whedon says. "That's sort of what all of my stuff is about: Every character gets to stand up and say, 'I'm here, I exist, I matter, here's why.'"
Spun that way, the challenges — if not the costs — of his two movies are parallel. Like the adventures of Captain America and Iron Man, Much Ado is an ensemble piece with grandiose ideas of duty, brotherhood, and honor. Can the wicked Don John (Sean Maher) convince Claudio (Fran Kranz) that his fiancée, Hero (Jillian Morgese, an Avengers extra Whedon cast from a Skype audition), is unfaithful? Will Benedick (Denisof) duel his best friend at the behest of his lady love, Beatrice (Acker)? And why should virginity be a woman's greatest virtue?
Though Much Ado is seen as one of Shakespeare's fluffier rom-coms — it does, after all, end in a double wedding — when Whedon re-read it with a director's eye, he was struck by its twisted potential. "It's like I'd never read it before," he says. "'Oh! This is dark and weird and manipulative and kind of uncool — I love it!'" Capitalizing on its unusual-for-1599 erotic frankness, Whedon decided to open the film with a furtive one-night stand ("They have always happened throughout the history of men and women, and sometimes men and men") and recast the male role of Don John's comrade Conrade with Garfunkel and Oates comedian Riki Lindhome. "It made for more sex," Whedon jokes. "Villain sex, which is nice and twisted."
Both Whedon and Shakespeare have been notable in their times for writing well-rounded female characters. (Which, depressingly, implies that in 400 years of fiction, well-rounded female characters are still a novelty.) Whedon insists he adapted Much Ado because it was "less pressure" than Hamlet. But this supposedly lesser comedy also contains Shakespeare's harshest attack on sexism.
"Much Ado is the one where he just laid it on the line," Whedon explains. Not only is the sharp-tongued but sympathetic Beatrice smarter than every man in the play, she gives a wrenching speech in which she laments that gender prevents her from exacting vengeance on the men who slandered her cousin. "O God, that I were a man! I would eat his heart in the marketplace," Acker's Beatrice growls, and her beau has no choice but to pledge to do the violence that she cannot. "That fucking scene!" Whedon grins. "It's just so bold and ballsy!"
Whedon isn't the first Marvel director to straddle superheroes and Shakespeare. Before he shot Thor, Kenneth Branagh made Henry V, Hamlet, and even, yes, his own version of Much Ado About Nothing. In Thor, you can hear it. When star Chris Hemsworth cries, "This mortal form has grown weak," he could be wielding a hammer or a copy of Coriolanus.
"Basically, Branagh was doing Shakespearean drama with Loki," Whedon says, "and then I got to make fun of it by having Tony Stark call it 'Shakespeare in the Park.'" Yet Whedon's Much Ado remains unique, if for no other reason than his timing. Who else would go from making the top-grossing movie of 2012 — more than $1.5 billion and counting — to shooting an entire feature for less than The Avengers' catering budget?
Unlike Branagh, Whedon is no actor. His sole Shakespearean stage experience was in college, where he performed both parts in a scene between Othello's Rodrigo and Iago. (He was supposed to have a partner but claims he was too young and shy to make friends.) Later, Whedon hosted casual readings at his house, so when he called up his old buddies after his homecoming party and asked if they'd come by for a bit of Much Ado, a few didn't realize they'd agreed to a movie until they arrived. As for the friends he didn't call, a few called him. "They were like, 'What up?' and I was like, 'Well, the leads were already cast, and you're too big to play Second Watchman.'"
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