Ahhh, I can't wait for all these old hardline obsessive fuckers to die off...it is a new Miami, and thank goodness!!
By Ryan Yousefi
By Chuck Strouse
By Terrence McCoy
By Terrence McCoy
By Terrence McCoy
By Michael E. Miller
By Kyle Munzenrieder
By Michael E. Miller
A Miami city commissioner, J.L. Plummer, happened to be driving nearby when he heard the blast and rushed to the scene. "His legs were bleeding profusely," Plummer recalls. "I used his belt and mine as tourniquets to slow the bleeding down. He paid one hell of a price for his outspokenness."
Milian's brutal attack was a horrific early flash point for a medium that, two decades after Castro's revolution, had become the face of Miami's Cuban struggle. The bombing cast into stark relief the battle between hardliners, who believed El Comandante must be forced out by any means necessary, and more moderate voices — a struggle that continues on the air to this day.
"Radio provided a shield of protection to the people who were committing violence in our community," De Leon says. "Milian was part of a group of people who suffered a great deal because of the excesses of Cuban radio."
The birth of the medium, in some sense, can be traced to Milian's arrival in Miami in 1965. A radio journalist in Cuba who had spent four months writing for the Mexico City daily El Excelsior, Milian landed a gig as a part-time sports announcer at WMIE-AM, one of many stations where exiles had been buying airtime to voice their venom. Milian moved up the ladder and was overseeing news and programming when the station was sold to a group of Cuban-American investors who decided to devote the station full-time to such discussion. They renamed it WQBA — AKA "La Cubanisima" ("The Most Cuban").
Under Milian's leadership, La Cubanisima became one of the top Spanish-language stations in the nation thanks to its strong viewpoints.
"Radio was the first instrument of communication that Cubans in Miami used to fight Castro," says Max Lesnik, a leftist Cuban who's been criticizing extremism on the air for decades. "And they used it effectively."
First-generation Cuban-Americans throughout Miami in the '60s grew up to the sounds of shows such as Radio Reloj, WQBA's morning political show on which exiles discussed the latest news from the island.
"That's how I knew it was time to get ready for school," De Leon says. "My mother and my grandmother would be in the kitchen listening to the latest conspiracy theories being hatched on the air. Every day, there were new updates on the latest alleged Castro agents in Miami."
From the early days, though, that conversation was tinged with extremism.
Milian found out the hard way. Between 1974 and 1976, WQBA's news director had used his hourlong program to denounce acts of violence that had ripped through Miami's Cuban-American community, killing five exile leaders in attacks allegedly led by groups such as Omega 7.
Even though Milian was a fervent anticastrista, the FBI warned him that fellow exiliados were targeting him. He received on-air death threats, and guards had to be stationed at the entrance of La Cubanisima.
It didn't help in the end. Milian miraculously survived the April 30 attack, though he lost both legs in the explosion. A year later, he went back to WQBA, but his then-general manager, Herb Levin, wanted him to tone down his inflammatory on-air arguments.
Levin ordered Milian to avoid direct, live contact with listeners. Milian refused and got canned. In a 1995 Miami New Times piece, Levin said he was concerned about Milian's and the 50 other employees' well-being: "I don't think he understood my position as a licensee, a parent, and an employer to go on the air and blast these terrorists."
In the '80s, Miami's Cuban radio scene grew quickly. In 1983, Milian was tapped as new director for Radio Martí, the brainchild of President Ronald Reagan and iconic exile leader Jorge Mas Canosa. The federally funded station was designed to broadcast news and propaganda in Cuba.
In 1985, Radio Mambí joined the AM dial. The station was created by Amancio Suarez, La Poderosa owner Rodríguez, and Armando Pérez Roura, who remains the news director and flagship voice. Like La Cubanisima and Martí, the founders had idealistic goals.
"I got involved for my country and my people," Rodríguez explains. "I believed we could accomplish a lot by keeping our people in Miami and Cuba well informed on the issues and deliver our message for a free Cuba."
From the earliest days, those stations — joined by then-competitors such as Cadena Azul and WCMQ — didn't just talk about the pressing Cuban issues of the day. They stoked the fires.
In 1982, for instance, Miami police and city officials accused La Cubanisima and another now-defunct station of inciting a riot when exiles clashed with cops during a demonstration in front of an immigration building.
The next year, the stations held on-air fundraising drives for the defense of Orlando Bosch, who was accused of masterminding the 1976 bombing of a Cubana Airlines jet in Venezuela, killing 74. The stations loudly proclaimed their support for a Miami City Commission resolution declaring March 25, 1983, "Orlando Bosch Day."
Even actress Jane Fonda wasn't safe. In 1984, Cadena spearheaded a campaign against a scheduled Miami appearance by Fonda at a local Burdines department store. The station branded her a "reddish leftist" and urged listeners to turn in their credit cards in protest. Burdines canceled Fonda's appearances after a bomb threat.
Ahhh, I can't wait for all these old hardline obsessive fuckers to die off...it is a new Miami, and thank goodness!!
All I can say is thank God for the death of exile radio. I grew up in Miami circa 1970's through 1980's and during that time I can tell you that it was hard to distinguish between Cuba's communist radio and Miami's stations, which were a trinity of Fascism. The very same intolerance, hatred and fear of freedom of speech which you could hear from Havana radio you would also hear in Miami. It became evident to me that most of these exiles, while always quoting Marti, were in fact undemocratic to the core. In essence, they're problem with Castro was more about his nationalization of Cuban industry and veering over to the communist camp. Had Castro committed to being a right wing dictator, possibly they would have had no problem at all with him.
These stations advocated for separating a child from his father over politics (Elian) in defiance of a bitter history of 14,000 families separated by the communist dictatorship of Cuba (I'm a Peter Pan and I know). In essence, these stations endorsed our imitating the Castros in this regard. In addition, these stations defended the bombing of a civilian airliner carrying youngsters from the Cuban fencing team and the terrorists who did it were and by some, still are, lauded as heroes. In essence, it is O.K. to be cold-blooded murderers just like the Castros. I could go on and on about how Castrolike these stations have been and in the end, they probably did much to prolong Castro's dictatorship by aiding his continued isolation. I'm hopeful of the new Cuban American generations raised to think for themselves and the new generations on the island who recognize that whether you call it Fascism, Communism, Nazism etc. all forms of dictatorship are garbage. Freedom of thought and speech, essential for democracy to endure.
The Cuban that are here, don,t give a dam about go home or going back to Cuba. Well since U.S.A open door to Cuban and etc. Who the hell wanted go back; No passport !!!!!!!!
manrodriguez1964, is not only an idiot! but a racist, and a very ignorant person. He does NOT speak for all Cuban Americans. *
It's shameful!!!!! * I'm a independent voter,and a Cuban American(54), and I say they should all go out of business. * Voting Obama for President.
it's about time.50 years have passed since the bay of pigs and and these old right wing farts are still moaning and bitching about it. The are the only one's that fleed their country and came here to get everything free. People in middle eastern countries and other countries stayed and fought to get their country back.At least the new generation of cuban-americans arn't obsessed with the past and soon the old one's will be gone.And when will the news media stop calling them the exiled community.Its 3 generations ago.ENOUGH IS ENOUGH
Let's get it out of the way: Cuban-born, Marielita and I have a brain. That describes me.
While I will agree with the MOST BASIC point that these people make (that the Castros are hateful tyrants) the biggest problem that these commentators have is that they ARE EXACTLY LIKE THE PEOPLE THEY ARE CRITICIZING. You can't complain about someone cutting you off and then go out and do the same thing and expect to be praised for it.
If there is one thing I've learned growing up in this country it is that if we are to be considered the "good guys" then we can't act EXACTLY like the "bad guys".
Firing people and cancelling shows because they disagree with your political point of view (check)...
Cherry picking the good but not talking about the bad or the ugly parts of your views or politicians (check)...
Blowing people up or threatening to kill people because they have a different political viewpoint than you (check)...
Seems to me that there is not a sliver of daylight between these right-wing foaming-at-the-mouth ideologues and the Castro brothers' regime they so want to liberate us from. They aren't liberating us...They are taking us out of ONE viewpoint and subscribing us to a completely opposite and just as intransigent viewpoint with no room for dissent.
The problem is that no matter how much you try to explain to these people using, uh, I don't know, REASON, that they should not behave this way, they will never change. They will never change because they believe that they are right and that their means justify their ends. I can say this because my parents have always been Republicans. No, they are not millionaires, no they are not white of Scandinavian descent nor were they slave owners during the Civil War. They are poor ignorant people who believe everything the Republicans tell them because one time in 1980 Ronald Reagan said "Castro is bad" and Jimmy Carter didn't.
I've tried to explain to them that it was Jimmy Carter who authorized Mariel and that if Reagan had been in power when it happened we would not be living in this country, but to no avail.
One day I finally pinned down my stepfather and asked him why he was so opposed to the Democrats and Barack Obama. He answered in a huff that it was because "Obama had not done anything to free Cuba". Imagine that!
So I gave up. I realized that you can't educate a populace that wants to remain ignorant. You just have to wait them out. They will all die out eventually and be replaced by some measure of civility.
It is inevitable. Historically things always progress. These people want to stop evolution or go backwards. That is as futile as trying to stop all the waves on the beach.
I, for one, hope that this phase will pass quickly and the country soon forgets the caricature of all Cubans that was imbedded into the national conscience by the few, the proud, the ignorant Cubans that will forever believe that "Esto no pasaba en Cuba" (This never use to happen in Cuba).
@TomasH1 Great Post!
@TomasH1 Great Post! * Thank you!!!!!!!!!
@TomasH1 Eloquent defense of Reason. Your blood must boil when talking to these bozos. As you say, at least you'll outlive them.
They keep the Cold War going because if Cuba were free they'd be just another immigrant group with no political power. A loud immigrant group that everybody else got tired of 30 years ago. If politicians weren't afraid of them, and realized that their views are not the majority view anymore, we might make some progress in dealing with Cuba.
And if the politicians realized that there are a lot of people of Cuban ancestry as reasonable as you, even the U.S. could progress.
Cubans (me included) should not defame other Latin Americans as Tira Flechas, Indios etc.
Why? Our influence in this country, ex CEO's of major corps, two USA senators, countless successful businesses, musicians, Doctors of Medicine, etc speak for itself. I, for one, am not worried about what someone says about us.
YOU KNOW, FOLKS-I SAY THESE THINGS TEASINGLY--BUT I DO SIT ON THE PISTOL-AND KEEP MY GOLD LOCKED UP IN A SAFE--IT MAKES "GOOD FRIENDS"--EVEN BETTER! whahahahahahaha!
FACE DOWN IN THE FLAN WITH THEIR DYING BREATHS---SPILLING THE JEWELS OF CUBAN COFFEE OFF THE TABLES AS THEY DROP....
I rarely agree with the commentary on these shows, but these programs are uniquely Miami and our city would be worse off if we lose it. We have already lost so many things that made Miami special among American cities.
i can only be happy this is happening. they're the assholes who hold this city back and make us the laughingstock of the nation. this colombian definitely won't miss them!!!!
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@jdrumi @miami1 You SOB, more offensive is having these trolls criticizing Cubans in general, I truly doubt you're a Cuban, don't you read all the comments that are being made to Cuban Americans, be it the Politicians or Cubans in general, you're just another indio with the old inferiority complex who lives and breeds Topix while bashing and criticizing Cubans, but I enjoy humiliating these MF's, and a far as you residing in Dade for the past 47 years, good for you, knock yourself out, I've been living in the states since 1960 and have lived up north where it was a totally different world just like Miami back in the 60's and 70's, if you know what I mean.
@manrodriguez1964 @miami1 Manrodriguez, shut the fuck up and stop putting cubans so high up on a pedestal... "Indio tiro flecha"? Y tu que eres estupido? Una niña que no pudo con Castro, y se fue del miedo para Miami a hablar mierda de otras razas? STFU que mal hay en ser de decendientes indios??? Ojala podria verte en la calle para dar te una cachetada puta...
whatever dude, you are old, what legacy do you have? when you leave this world nobody will remember or miss you. I pity, PITY YOU. You do an amazing disservice to all Cubans. TO ALL OF THEM. You are gonna give yourself cancer with that hatred growing inside of you. This will be my last post yo you, because obviously, you like the cancer i mentioned, cannot be stopped or reason with. Have a good life. tomorrow when you get ready to run "your business" whether fictional or real, profitable or not, look at yourself in the mirror. Then see your wrinkles and your gray hairs and your receding hairline. And listen to the sound of your life ticking away. Cause you are getting older everyday and you never gonna be 24 again like I am right now, enjoying every minute of life. 8) good night
@floggingfernie @mickeytardust @ChetterWho am I voting for? What do you care, you think one or the other is going to make a big difference in your life, keep dreaming if you think like the normal Goe, I've been in business for 28 years and not once have I seen or felt any difference of who has been on the seat.as President, the only huge problem i do see is the over population of immigrants coming into the country, not only in the U.S. but world wide. Our water reserves are depleting in an enormous rate and the world population is just too out of control which today we are already experiencing human clashing of one group with another and so on.
@floggingfernie @mickeytardust @Chetter Indio you couldn't afford me even if you asked your daddy to buy me out, does your mommy know you're in the internet day in and day out criticizing an elite group of people that, not only have been the most successful of all Hispanics in the U.S, be it economically and professionally, I must think that some Cuban kicked the living crap out of you and now you're all wind up about it, or is it total envy not only because we're successful and white, but then it's probably both right indito. Someone has to be burning in hatred and envy towards a group of people in order to spend day in and day out bashing the crap out of a group who in fact are and have been more successful then yours.
@Chetter You couldn't f@#@ a hole in the wall, let me know indio tira flechaaaaaaaaaaa,
@Chetter Indio It's not a matter of wanting to be anglo, I'm a Caucasian which you're definitely not.
@floggingfernie @mickeytardust @Chetter You're 24 years of age, a typical mojon who thinks they have the world grabbed by it's ball, the typical know it all jack asses that can't be told otherwise cause you punks think you know it all. Humiliate? Ha ha ha ha, humiliate me, ha!!!!!! You smell like the mojon from Topix, what's one of your forum names Cherokee. Indio maricoooooooon, hehe hehehe.
@Chetter Let me know punk and i''l be there waiting.
dude i could give three shits who or what you think i am. I dont go by labels or care three shits what other people say. I just like to humiliate people like the 50 year old guy that has nothing better to do with his time. Keep looking back pops, cause your best days are behind you. Just for giggles? I'm gonna say I'm an Indio from Venezuela and wait for your hilariously racist response
PS: Your welcome for paying your social security
@Chetter Indio why don't you say it in my face, but then you're to of a fag to confront me. Don't forget the dog shit.
floggingfernie is clearly un indio and so is Chetter. Irish blood hahhaha
We, the white men, tried to make your people civilized, but there's just no way with these natives... "The white man's burden" is truly a great one. And yes, I did just reference Kipling, ya biaatch!
@manrodriguez1964 The only truth you know is Fidel's dick in your mouth... Pussy Bitch
@Chetter i'll keep taliking the truth, Indito don't forget about the job offer, I'll buy you lunch and dinner.
@manrodriguez1964 Keep talking shit, little dick having pussy bitch... Were you molested as a child? Get help...
@Chetter Indio acuerdate que mi gente lo sacaron de tus tierras, te dimo ropa, educacion el idioma Castellano, y muchas otras cosas mas. Acuerdate que me hace falta para que recojas la mierda de perro.
@manrodriguez1964 Pobrecita, como se siente tener la pinga en reversa y tu boca en los huevos de tu meastro Fidel? Keep talking shit, you can't handle the truth. You can't handle the fact that your skirt has already been pulled up and everybody who reads this article will come off thinking "manrodriguez1964 es tremenda putita, imaginese la pobre mujer que lo partio por el culo..." You are such a piece off shit ... Pray to god you don't get stepped on...
manrodriguez1964 es un cubano resentido sin huevos que sueña con la pinga de Fidel... Pobrecita
@manrodriguez1964 @miami1 I am actually a white male with family that resides in Colombia of Irish Blood.. As an American I am appalled by your racist elitist remarks and wish you would refrain from them if you don't want any trouble. I would love to see you in person and give you a piece of my mind, but scum like you don't deserve that type of attention.. You're better off in your small group of circle jerk closet case neo-cons, lathered in the excretions of your self hate... You are the worst of any human being because your method of measuring people is so primitive, it belongs in the same place you fantasize of being: In a disease infested colonial village in the 1400's in Spain getting raped by the King you worship so much...
@manrodriguez1964 @Chetter @miami1 por que no dejais de hablar mierda y haz algo por la libertad de tu Pais. Que mucha mierda hablas tio. Eres en indio igual que todos y no hay ningun problema con ser indio tienes problema de estima personal. You have major self-esteem issues buddy. Y eres un poco patetico "por lo menos tu pais es libre" Bueno haz algo so tonto. Lo que te dije de cuba no te lo dije de desrepeto. Ustedes son Victimas perpetuas. Refugiados para siempre deberias tener un poco de humilidad. If i said you guys been fucked in the ass for 200 years (the spanish empire, then the mobsters, then batista, then the castros), i meant to say you guys are victims. But you guys are victims by choice. And i can understand the position of "Look i rather be fucked in the ass than shot in the head", but the fact remains people like you dont do anything for Cuba's "libertad". Look this country has tons of refugees. They all get to the country and try to live and forget. People like you dont, they hang on to this hate, but dont do anything about it. I mean if you really wanted "libertad" it doesnt take much effort to smuggle crates of Ak-47 and take havana within a week. But nothing gets done. Maybe it should sink into your thick head that nobody really cares about that island. Just like nobody cares about Haiti. It has never crossed your mind that they use your feelings for political and economical purposes?
@manrodriguez1964 @miami1 You see, you give cubans a bad name. Dejame explicarte Halgo bobo. Los Cubanos Natales eran igual de indios que los de sur america. La unica differencia buddy is that the ones in south america at least put up a fight. Which ironically enough sounds familiar. Cuba is the only country that failed at a revolutionary attempt and blamed another country for it. Let it go. The Kennedys screwed you over.... by the 1960s the united states had screwed a lot of people over... you should have seen that coming. With that said. Let the free market decide the fate of the radio stations
@jdrumi @portablefernie @miami1 I am totally aware and 110% sure what I'm talking about indito, and as far as being ignorant,paranoid,racist and a moron, that is what you and your kind have and are showing in these forums when it come to criticizing Cubans, Cubans who have been the most successful of all Hispanics living in the U.S., we're only a measly 4% of the Hispanic population and carry 50% of the wealth between Hispanics.
Eres un idiota racista de alto nivel. Por esta razon la majoria de los hispano parlientes a traves del mundo hablan mal de los miameros cubanos, falsos latinos con deseos de ser Europeos o Blancitos Americanos. Eres un Caribeno importado de otro pais y no lo que crees que eres. Sigue besando el culo de no se quien te han quitado la razon. Racista y Traidor.
@portablefernie @miami1 Indio negrito dejame explicarte tu y tu indigenas no le pueden amararle a los cubanos los zapatos, ustedes son un fracaso y envidioso enconrtra los Cubanos. Olvidate de lo de kennnedy o lo que paso hace tantos anos, la verdad es que los Cubanos son los mas productivos economicamente entre todos los Hispanos en los Estados Unidos y te digo Hispano por respeto por que ni eres Hispano ni Latino, estudia los origines de lo que son eso terminos reales, tu lo mas que eres es o indigena nativo o decendiente Africano o indio, acuerdate cara de mono que Rodriguez es poco en la radio Cubana, look up Pablo Raul Alarcon and his son Spanish Broadcasting system, do you think the Cuban interest is done with, ha ha haha ha ha ah ah ha ha.
@manrodriguez1964 @MiamiNative @miami1 I'm a gringo, speak 4 languages fluently, including Spanish. I don't hate Cubans at all, in fact I'm married to one, and she is embarrassed more often then not by her own people's behavior. And last, since you are not used to dealing with facts, here's one: Cuban isn't a race. Hispanic is, but Cubans think they are the center of the universe anyway, so why wouldn't you think that?
Thanks for trying though.
@miami1 Well, this Colombian has benefited alot from their business... I have had less than fortunate experiences with my own kind... nonetheless this isn't a racial matter, it's a matter of appreciation, and I appreciate our diverse community. Miami wouldn't be the same without our Cuban brethren ;)