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When it comes to livestock, Rollin enjoys cred both with the independents and with the industry. He has some attitude, but hes a great person and I respect him well, says Ivan Steinke, executive director of the Colorado Pork Producers Council. Hes an ethicist and when I say ethicist, he doesnt dis. He just believes theres proper procedures and ethics in production agriculture and whether youre a cow, calf or dairy man, or hog operator or poultry guy, we have the responsibility to do it in a certain way. [Bernie and I] dont agree on 100 percent of the issues, but we can debate them.
Ask Rollin whose side hes on and the response is easy: Im in it for the animals.
He traces his approach back to an ancient, biblical social contract of animal husbandry, suggesting that those who are good to animals will have animals that are productive for them. In Rollins view, science and technology have no place in the discussion.
The example I always use is: Just because I own my own motorcycle doesnt mean I can ride on the sidewalk at a hundred miles an hour or throw wheelies on Main Street. The line we hear all the time is, I own those animals, I can do whatever I goddamn please. Thats not true particularly not now.
Societal mores are changing, Rollin notes, and in response some food corporations are beginning to stipulate that livestock be raised a certain way. Smithfield, a hog packer, has a long-term plan to phase out gestation crates on all its corporate-owned and subcontractor-operated farms. Burger King and Wal-Mart are buying more cage-free eggs.
Life is like an ox cart thats going to move along. You can stop when it stops, and drink when it drinks. Or you can be dragged and beaten and be bloody, Rollin sums up. You can do this on your own or get legislated by people who dont necessarily understand the issues.
With Rollin playing referee, Colorados pork producers won a few concessions: ten years to phase out the pig crates, for one; and a loophole that allows sows to stay semi-crated until confirmed pregnant, which can take a month. The Humane Society also agreed not to push the battery-cage issue, leaving the egg industry unaffected.
For now, anyway.
California agribusiness may have thought it had seen the last of the activists for a while after the 08 vote. Yet the group returned to the state capitol last year pushing a ban on another industrial practice it finds abhorrent. This time the dairy industry was the target.
And the politicking was successful. In October Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed a law banning tail docking, the amputation of a milk cows tail, which is commonly performed without anesthetic. Some dairymen have long believed tail docking improves hygiene, udder health and the quality of the milk produced, though scientific research has not borne out those theories and the American Veterinary Medical Association opposes the practice.
Meanwhile, after the Humane Society told Michigans agriculture industry last summer that it wanted changes there, the large-scale egg and pork producers took a page out of Ohios playbook and attempted to put a livestock-standards board in place. But state legislators wouldnt green light it.
So the industry switched strategies and took a cue from Colorado, brokering a phase-out of crates and cages.
Byrum adds, The irony is if [the anti-confinement ballot measure] passes in Ohio, those farmers will have to comply with the provisions quicker than we will here in Michigan.
Will Ohio be the game changer?
The industry certainly hopes so. One good sign, says Joe Cornely, the states farm bureau spokesman, is that neither gubernatorial candidate supports the Humane Societys campaign.
But Wayne Pacelle says hes more confident than ever. We are pro-farmer. And were pro-animal. And we dont see any incompatibility between those two positions.
Animal agriculture has either tried to argue science, or economics, or food security. Theyve done everything but the moral argument for what they do with animals. And if they cant make the moral case, they will lose in the long run.