By Terrence McCoy
By Allie Conti
By Chuck Strouse
By Scott Fishman
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By Ryan Yousefi
By Ciara LaVelle, Kat Bein, Carolina Del Busto, and Liz Tracy
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Javier Lumbreras, a tall, dark-haired Spaniard with light eyes and a boyish smile, oozes confidence. He drives a Maserati. He lives in a Miami Beach condo valued at $1.2 million. His main hobby is hunting, preferably lions or elephants in Africa. And his passion is collecting art, which explains why last year he loaned a painting allegedly created four centuries ago by Spanish master Diego Velázquez, worth $20 million to the Bass Museum.
But Lumbreras didn't look like an alpha male when confronted with court documents that showed his net worth seven years ago was a decidedly pathetic $13,410.
How did he get so wealthy so fast?
"That is a good question," Lumbreras answered, his left leg bouncing and his hands shaking. He was wearing a charcoal-gray suit, a red tie flecked with gold accents, and a breast-pocket handkerchief to match. With his attorney, Jay Gayoso, nearby, he launched into a vaguely confusing explanation that included the words "real estate boom" and "family money."
Then Lumbreras addressed the purported Velázquez, a portrait of the Priest Cristobal Suarez de Ribera, that has hung at the Bass for the past year. "You have to differentiate my biography from the painting's biography," he continued.
True enough. But the two have something in common contention. Just as three art experts questioned by New Times said they hadn't heard of the painting (see "Masterpiece Theater, Part One," April 12), others have attacked the handsome art collector for not paying his bills, suing at the drop of a hat, and selling forged art. Since 1998 he has been sued nine times in Miami-Dade civil courts and once in Broward. He has sued others five times.
Born in Madrid in 1964, Lumbreras moved to Miami in 1989. Armed with a degree in business administration from St. Louis University, he worked as an analyst at TransAtlantic Bank. When a space opened up across the street from the Spanish consulate in Coral Gables a year later, he decided to open a gallery there to pursue his childhood passion: art. He specialized in contemporary Latin American artists, including Carlos Luna, Jose Pantoja, and Pedro Vizcaino.
In 1992 Lumbreras sold a work allegedly by Cuban master Tomas Sanchez to gallery owner Ramon Cernuda for $16,000. When Sanchez denied the painting was his, ten years of litigation began. In 1995 a judge ordered Lumbreras to pay Cernuda. But then Lumbreras sued Cernuda for defamation (at one time, Cernuda picketed outside of Lumbreras's gallery) and the case was settled out of court, with the stipulation that both sides must not talk to the media about the matter.
"This story," Lumbreras explains, "has really haunted me my entire life."
It was one of the reasons, he adds, that he closed his gallery in 1994 and entered the construction and development business. But according to court records, Lumbreras didn't renounce art. Or litigation. Among the many court cases involving Lumbreras:
In July 1992 a judge ordered him to pay $3,753 to Brant Publications. Details are unclear. The case file has been destroyed and Lumbreras doesn't recall details.
In May 1994 the Meyer and Merle Berger Family Foundation sued after asking him to sell on consignment Archbishop at Age One, a Fernando Botero painting worth $300,000. The foundation claimed Lumbreras wouldn't give up the painting when they requested it. Police and lawyers were on hand when he returned the work. ("Very simple story," he said. "It just took me two weeks to produce the painting.") Case dismissed. No charges filed.
In December 1995 U.S. Customs agents seized $150,000 from a Miami bank account that belonged to his grandmother alleging the account might have been used in the drug trade. The money was later returned to Lumbreras and his grandmother. ("A very silly case," he says.) Neither Lumbreras nor his grandmother were ever charged with drug activity or wrongdoing.
In July 2003 a bank tried to foreclose on a multimillion-dollar Miami Beach property owned by Lumbreras. The suit was dropped. A separate issue related to the property is pending. (The bank was paid, he said. The ongoing dispute can't be discussed.)
In September 2004 a man named Juan Pava sued Lumbreras, claiming the art collector wrote $600,000 in worthless checks for some art. ("I stopped payment," Lumbreras explains. "I didn't want to buy the paintings.") The case was dismissed.
In December 2004 American National Realty Corporation in Broward sued Lumbreras for not paying a $2500 debt. The firm helped him lower his property taxes. ("I had sold the property," he said.) Case dismissed. Again.
Maybe the most interesting dustup stems from a 2002 incident at Tantra, a Miami Beach restaurant and club. One night in August Lumbreras sent a bottle to an acquaintance, then he says was hit with a bill of "more than $1000." After he refused to sign the credit card bill, the cops were called and the art collector ended up in jail for grand theft. After he was released and the club declined to press charges, he sued for emotional distress and defamation of character. That case is still pending.
Six art experts and collectors in Miami and New York, questioned by New Times, declined to go on the record about Lumbreras. "I wouldn't let him in my gallery," said one.