By Michael E. Miller
By Ryan Yousefi
By Kyle Munzenrieder
By Sabrina Rodriguez
By Michael E. Miller
By Carlos Suarez De Jesus
By Luther Campbell
By Kyle Munzenrieder
For now the notion of creating a civilian review panel with subpoena power to investigate the conduct of Miami-Dade County police is in the same condition as Eddie Lee Macklin. Dead.
The twenty-year-old black man was driving through Liberty City at the wheel of a 1999 Lincoln Continental last January 21 (Martin Luther King Day) when a plainclothes police anti-robbery squad found the car was reported stolen and tried to pull him over. According to police, an officer on foot yelled "Stop," was knocked onto the hood of the car, and then fired once through the windshield. Cause of death: a bullet.
The movement to empower a civilian panel to investigate incidents such as the Macklin shooting, as well as three other police shootings this year, officially sputtered to its demise last week (June 4) in county hall when commissioners decisively rejected two resolutions that each would have sent review-panel proposals to a public referendum this fall. Cause of death: lack of political will, confused leadership, and the belief held by all but the African-American community that the conduct of county police does not require special monitoring.
But what if there had been a videotape of the Macklin shooting, or indeed of any other police action that could be described as brutal, unfair, or racially motivated? Would that have generated the widespread community support, and the political push, to give proponents of civilian review the clout they crave?
Community activist Max Rameau thinks so. In a project he calls "Cop Watch," Rameau says he is seeking grant money to set up trained teams of volunteers who would be issued video cameras and trail police officers on patrol in the community. "The idea is to do surveillance," says Rameau, spokesman for the Coalition Against Police Brutality and Harassment. Months ago, Rameau says, after conferring with John DeLeon, then chairman of the Greater Miami chapter of the ACLU Florida, about the legal issues involved, he drew up a manual of operations that incorporates ideas from other communities where similar programs are conducted.
"Eventually we will get something on tape -- beatings, false arrest," he says. "But this is about prevention. This is just one of our options right now because we can't get the powers that be to cooperate. We have to re-center power around us. And my guess is that even though nobody wants to do anything when black men get shot in the back, the commission will leap into action the first time we do this."
Anticipating police reaction to his "Cop Watch" notion, Rameau offers a classic understatement: "If you think they don't like civilian review, they really won't like this."
They really don't. "It's bad guys trying to harass good guys," snaps Miami-Dade Police Benevolent Association president John Rivera. "If they film anything, it's evidence, and officers will have to secure it. It's a prescription for further problems with the police." Rivera then called Rameau "a professional agitator."
Whatever comes of the "Cop Watch" idea, the debate over what, if anything, to do about investigating the actions of the Miami-Dade Police Department has spread anger, frustration, and disillusionment all around. "It's a stalemate," says Lida Rodriguez-Taseff, current president of the ACLU's Miami chapter. "The rest of the community isn't really ready to hear what it's like to be black in Miami-Dade County. And blacks don't have the political or financial power to shed light on their plight so real change can be made. And politicians just saw this as an opportunity to advance their own political interests."
Like Rameau and several others, Rodriguez-Taseff took part in several eleventh-hour meetings with county officials, including Mayor Alex Penelas, as the vote on the civilian-review-panel proposal neared. First, Commissioner Jimmy Morales summoned an invitation-only group of about twenty community leaders to his downtown law office on May 30 in an effort to find common ground. On the table then were two proposals. One, sponsored by Commissioner Dorrin Rolle and endorsed by Penelas, created a review panel in which subpoenas could be issued only after consultation with the State Attorney's Office. The community representatives vehemently opposed that.
The second measure, sponsored by ex-cop Commissioner Joe Martinez and endorsed by the PBA as well as by black and Hispanic officers' organizations, would have revamped the county's existing Independent Review Panel in such a way, charged community activists, that all of the nine-person board's black members could be excluded.
The two-hour meeting broke up, according to Rodriguez-Taseff, with everyone but the police representatives agreeing not to back either proposal. Nonetheless Morales says he was pleased "that we had started some dialogue with some frank and candid discussions" that could continue, perhaps under the auspices of the county's Community Relations Board.
Meanwhile, some black leaders, including Rameau and Brian Dennis of Brothers of the Same Mind, expressed particular disappointment over Rolle's failure to carry through on a promise to amend his proposal to give the review board more autonomy in issuing subpoenas. "He's a sorry and terrible commissioner," says Dennis, "a puppet of Penelas."
Late Friday, May 31, however, Rodriguez-Taseff said that she and Brad Brown, president of the Miami-Dade branch of the NAACP, talked to Penelas and he agreed to get the language changed. On Monday, the day before the commission meeting, Rolle introduced Resolution 4B Substitute, which mirrored the review-board proposal passed in November by City of Miami voters.