By Michael E. Miller
By Ryan Yousefi
By Kyle Munzenrieder
By Sabrina Rodriguez
By Michael E. Miller
By Carlos Suarez De Jesus
By Luther Campbell
By Kyle Munzenrieder
For twelve of his seventeen years as a Miami-Dade firefighter, Willie Latimore has worked out of Station 2 and he feels honored to do so. As one of the few African Americans in the house, he takes personal pleasure in serving the predominantly black community in which he grew up. He knows he's a role model for neighborhood youngsters too. "Coming up, I don't remember seeing any black firefighters," he says.
But Latimore also shares his colleagues' professional pride in being a member of an elite team recognized as the best: technically solid, fast and efficient, and brave. Within the department, everyone knew that the so-called house in the 'hood was where you learned your trade. Latimore, like all firefighters who earned an assignment to Station 2, felt special.
All of that began going bad last spring, however, about eighteen months after Latimore transferred from C shift to B shift in order to land an assignment driving the fire truck. (Firefighters generally work 24 hours followed by 48 hours off, necessitating three shifts for full-time coverage.) Although he knew the men he would be serving under on B shift -- Lts. Carlos Gimenez and Angel Machado -- Latimore says he did not know about the pair's management style. He claims he discovered a prank-filled, frat-house atmosphere at the station and an arrogance on the street allegedly fueled by racism. "I just refused to go along the way they expected," says 48-year-old Latimore. That stubborn refusal led to his being disciplined for insubordination. Today he is on temporary assignment to a training battalion.
The conflict between Latimore and his superiors has touched off a firestorm that has rocked the Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department, uncovering racial tensions and a disturbing pattern of harassment and hazing that an investigation by the county's Independent Review Panel (IRP) found is part of the culture at Station 2.
Because of Station 2's reputation, firefighters assigned there project an "air of superiority [that] is sometimes detrimental to effective communications with some employees and members of the predominantly black neighborhood," IRP executive director Eduardo I. Diaz wrote in a preliminary report in response to a complaint by Latimore and People United to Lead the Struggle for Equality. In interviews with 24 firefighters and supervisors who work at Station 2, IRP staffers heard stories of white firefighters being cursed or targeted with bottles while out on calls. "One firefighter spoke of unsettling gunplay and putdowns by community members," reads the report.
Inside Station 2, the report continues, "B shift has the reputation for being “cliquish.' If you are motivated, work hard, and behave according to “expectations,' you will “fit in.' You will be tested and if you don't respond well, challenge authority, or lack humor regarding “pranks,' you will not likely feel welcomed.
"Those who want to belong to “the guys,' “the brotherhood,' “the family,' are usually prepared to suffer the inconvenience of a prank like: a frozen shirt, sudden cold-water shower, missing clothes after shower, burning tissue thrown into toilet stall, lit disinfectant foam near your feet while on the toilet, chair in the bunk while you're asleep, etc."
The problems at Station 2 pose a major challenge for Chief Charles U. Phillips, the first African American ever to head the 1600-member department. When in November he succeeded Washington-bound David Paulison, now U.S. Fire Administrator, Phillips first had to deal with the "Opa-locka Three," the black firefighters at Station 26. They caused a commotion during the post-September 11 surge of patriotism when they removed an American flag from their fire truck, claiming it was a safety hazard -- and that to them it did not symbolize equality and justice.
The IRP investigation, requested by Paulison, is itself unprecedented. Since the IRP was created 22 years ago, no county administrator has ever asked it to investigate his own department.
Seeing the potential for another racially fueled flare-up over Latimore, Phillips has personally intervened. He has twice met with Latimore and others in futile attempts to quell the disturbance. Says Phillips of his effort at dispute resolution: "I admit it: It didn't work." Now the community is involved. Last week the Progressive Firefighters Association (PFA), which represents all but a handful of the department's approximately 230 black firefighters, held the first of what leaders say will be regular street demonstrations in support of Latimore's demands that he be reassigned to B shift at Station 2 and that Gimenez and Machado be moved elsewhere. "We feel that what has been done to Willie is so egregious," said Lt. Faye Davis, PFA president. "When he spoke out, they singled him out and drove him out of the station."