By Rebecca Bulnes
By Laurie Charles
By Chuck Strouse
By Lee Zimmerman
By Laurie Charles
By Falyn Freyman
By Hans Morgenstern
"Folk art" is a term that terrifies many urban dwellers. Utter those otherwise harmless words in the company of your big-city friends and images of crudely painted farm scenes and hand-sewn rag dolls will leap almost telepathically from one troubled cranium to the next. Misconceptions about the true definition of folk art abound, so for the past twenty years researchers from historical museums and cultural agencies throughout Florida have sought to settle, once and for all, the meaning of the words.
Their conclusion, pending continued investigation, is offered in "Florida Folklife," an exhibit on display through January 3, 1999, at the Historical Museum of Southern Florida in downtown Miami. (It then travels to Orlando, Tallahassee, Jacksonville, and Tampa.) The exhibit attempts to highlight the sometimes subtle artistry of folk art and the personal touch that people from all backgrounds attach to their tools and other basic possessions. Items on display include sponge-diving helmets and frog gigs, shrimp nets and boat sails, saddles and ceremonial dresses -- all objects with deep significance to the various groups of Floridians who craft and use them in their daily lives. And that's the key: Almost all the items are as functional as they are aesthetically pleasing, and nearly all are used in the everyday world of their makers.
Music plays a part in that world too. "Florida Folklife" showcases a sampling of musical instruments vital to some of the more distinctive groups who call Florida home. The Caribbean is well represented, as would be expected, with musical devices such as shiny Trinidadian pans (steel drums); double-headed Afro-Cuban bata drums and gourd shekeres; and beautifully colored, carved Haitian Vodou drums. Guitars, violins, gut-bucket basses, and other, more exotic string instruments are included in the display. Rattles and bagpipes and animal horn shofarot are also featured. All the instruments are handcrafted -- often by the musicians who use them. And if they were not at the museum, all would regularly resonate with the sounds of music at gatherings public and private.
"One of the main messages of the exhibit," explains Dr. Stephen Steumpfle, the museum's Folklife Program coordinator and a music historian, "is that these are all objects made by people who are working today. A lot of times when people hear the words 'folk' or 'folklore,' they conjure up old-timey, antiquated stuff that's either no longer practiced or is just practiced in a revivalist form. With maybe one or two exceptions, all of these artists are living and working today, and all of these traditions have some kind of significance within contemporary communities. We really wanted it to feel and look contemporary."
Steumpfle and the museum staff decided the best way to celebrate the contemporary aspect of the exhibit is by hosting a special concert at the museum Saturday, October 24, which they've dubbed the South Florida Traditional Music Festival. Guest performers will play a variety of musical styles representative of those found in Miami and South Florida.
"The music in the festival does not necessarily originate in this area," says Steumpfle, "because, basically, what does originate in South Florida? This is a very recent city, and almost everybody is from somewhere else. All these traditions have been brought in from somewhere else. Even the Seminole came from somewhere else. They're not indigenous; they were descended from the Creek peoples of Alabama and Georgia. So what does it mean to talk about traditions in South Florida? In most cases, it means traditions that were brought here from somewhere else but have taken root here and become part of community life, and that are still evolving."
To present a cross-section of the region's musical and cultural influences in the music festival, Steumpfle booked groups with diverse backgrounds. Featured performers include Wheels of the World, a bluegrass and country group; the St. Agnes Progressive Marching Band, a New Orleans-style jazz band; Irish fiddler James Kelly and Friends, who play Irish instrumental music; Jan Sebon! Kazak and Friends, who will perform Haitian and African roots music; and Marty Galagarza and Friends, who will play Latin jazz and traditional Latin music.
"The idea is to present music that's happening around here but is not that well-known," he says. "There is a bluegrass scene in South Florida, which a lot of people are not aware of. And Irish music is not a major part of life in South Florida, unlike places such as Boston, Philadelphia, or New York, where you have vibrant, community-based Irish music scenes. But James Kelly is an internationally known Irish fiddler. He has recorded many, many LPs. He's one of the most respected Irish fiddlers in the world, and he lives in Miami. Other than occasional appearances at JohnMartin's on Miracle Mile, he spends all his time playing in Ireland and northern U.S. cities. He rarely plays South Florida, so here we have this great musical resource in town, and most people don't know he lives here."
Most of the performances will take place in a room in the museum. Concerts previously held in the museum lobby were acoustic "disasters," according to Steumpfle. One group, the St. Agnes Progressive Marching Band, will appear in the courtyard in front of the museum.