By Ciara LaVelle
By Jose D. Duran
By Kat Bein
By Juan Barquin
By Ciara LaVelle
By George Martinez
By Kat Bein
By Ciara LaVelle
The grant recipients (chosen from approximately 350 entries) were selected by a five-member, out-of-state jury: curators from the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, the Art Institute of Chicago, and Washington, D.C.'s Phillips Collection; a critic from the Los Angeles Times, and a film- and videomaker from Texas. Each winner received a $15,000 prize, a significant cache in these times of fade-away funding.
Typical of juried exhibitions arbitrated by an unrelated "panel of experts," this one is uneven. Included are three painters -- two of whom use mixed media on canvas -- two photographers, a collage artist, and a filmmaker, Tag Purvis, whose work caused a controversy at the museum even before the show opened on May 17.
Purvis's America the Beautiful, a film installation of two men kissing, sparked a spontaneous censorship debate when he projected the work in the window of his Lincoln Road studio in late 1994. At the Museum of Art he wanted to project it onto one of the walls in the museum's second-floor exhibition space so it would look like what he terms a "moving canvas." Instead, after consulting with museum director Kenworth Moffett, curator Laurence Pamer relegated the film to a small screening room, where it is projected, home-movie size, on a wall.
The three-minute, 16mm film shows two attractive, muscular men making out. While their embrace could be characterized as loving or passionate, it is not lewd. Purvis has stated that his intention in making America the Beautiful is to challenge the prevalent perception that love between same-sex couples is perverted or frightening. The filmmaker conspicuously romanticized his images, bathing the couple in soft lighting and shooting them up-close so that the entwined figures blend together in a beatific arrangement of shapely forms. Purvis's piece is also a declaration of sexual freedom, a point he makes through the accompanying soundtrack, a languid rendition of "God Bless America" sung by Jodi Horovitz from the Miami-based band Sister Madly.
Black curtains cover the entrance to the screening room, and a label on the wall outside the doorway reads "This film contains homoerotic imagery that some may consider disturbing. Viewer discretion is advised." Purvis reluctantly consented to a warning sticker, but the statement he approved did not contain the words homoerotic or disturbing. Without Purvis's consent, Moffett changed the wording before the opening. The director notes that the original warning "didn't seem like what we needed" (it indicated only that some viewers might find the film controversial). He also had the curtains put up.
According to Pamer, if the couple kissing in the film were a man and a woman, the museum would not have found it necessary to take such precautions. "[Purvis's film] is the type of imagery that some people would question," the curator explains. "Our audience in Fort Lauderdale tends to be a little conservative." Ironically -- and unfortunately -- the museum's installation of America the Beautiful in a dark booth gives the work a prurient, peep-show quality, rather than making it a celebration of intimacy, as the artist intended. Also included in the show are two other short films by Purvis, Sweet N Sour and Peas N Corn, tragicomic looks at Southern life set in the artist's native Mississippi; these works play on a small video monitor outside the screening room, where viewers must stand to watch them. The monitor's volume has been set low, making the films' dialogue difficult to hear. (Viewers can get more out of these works by turning up the sound themselves.)
Nearby, a series of photographs by William Maguire has been hung along two gallery walls. Maguire, who lives in Homestead, takes pictures of desolate rural settings in South Dade, Louisiana, and North Carolina. His glowing silver gelatin prints have an eerie quality that evokes a sinister side of country living. Photos of a fluorescent South Dade Checkers drive-in restaurant with no customers, a ramshackle house in Homestead, and a truck stop in Naranja are strangely romantic; at the same time they are chilling, haunted by a spirit of hopelessness. A photo of four teenage boys with shaggy hair who stand on an unpaved street corner with their arms folded over their chests is a powerful portrait of small-town restlessness.
A different view of the American experience can be seen in photographs by Fran Bitett Beck, a resident of Pembroke Pines. Beck takes color pictures of people and their pets: a woman who keeps her poodle in a crib, a girl with a boa constrictor in her lap, a little boy holding his crotch as he poses next to a fat cat sprawled in a chair. Beck captures a sense of the strong feelings her subjects have for their animals, and her photographs reveal the sometimes exaggerated importance of pets in American homes. But technically the photos are amateurish -- kitschy snapshots of offbeat characters that are amusing but not particularly memorable.